Ithaca NY arXiv, a physics e-Print Archive, has been in operation since 1991. The arXiv web site explains: “arXiv.org (formerly xxx.lanl.gov) is a highly-automated electronic archive and distribution server for research articles. Covered areas include physics, mathematics, computer science, nonlinear sciences, quantitative biology and statistics. arXiv is maintained and operated by the Cornell University Library with guidance from the arXiv Scientific Advisory Board and the help of numerous subject moderators.” arXiv provides open access to its content and is used by scientists and researchers all over the world to both access articles and disseminate current research. Monthly submissions currently top 6,000 (http://arxiv.org/show_monthly_submissions).
What does this kind of broad open access to scientific information mean for scientists and the general public who might be curious about why physicists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov were recently awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering “graphene?”
David Prosser, Executive Director Research Libraries, UK (RLUK), addressed this in a recent email forwarded by Peter Suber:
“As it is that time of year when publishers search their databases to find papers published by recently announced Nobel Prize winners, I thought it would be interesting to see what, if anything, was available by from arXiv by Geim and Novoselov (http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2010/) on graphene.
I am pleased to say that they are regular depositors of their papers in arXiv, as the list of co-authored papers shows:
Anybody wanting to point an interested lay-person to a basic primer to graphene could use:
(a paper that has always been freely available on arXiv, but which has just been made freely available on the publisher’s site.)”